Global Reputation Ranking 2021: Academic Voting Patterns by Discipline

Browse the THE Results of the 2021 global reputation ranking

Our World Reputation Rankings data previously revealed contrasts in the perceived strengths of institutions inside and outside the country in which they are based and other very different voting patterns by region, with Asian universities receiving majority of votes from academics based in their own country. countries (unlike institutions in Europe and, to a lesser extent, North America).

But do academics from different disciplines have different voting models when it comes to choosing local or global institutions? And do these trends differ depending on where the researchers themselves are based?

These Sankey diagrams reveal the share of national and international votes in seven major areas and three different regions: Asia, Europe and North America. The size of the bars on the left is proportional to the number of votes from academics in those disciplines, while topics are ranked by the percentage of votes going to an international university (highest to lowest).

(Click on the image above to see a larger version)

Asian academics tend to vote more for universities outside the country in which they are based. This is the case for all subjects, but it is especially true for academics in the humanities and social sciences, while those in the sciences give a high number of votes to national institutions. This may reflect the relative strength of STEM fields – particularly the physical sciences and engineering – in Asia.

European academics also cast more international than domestic votes in all subjects and, as in Asia, arts and humanities academics have the highest share of global votes. However, there is not such a clear division between the arts and the sciences, with academics in the social sciences being more likely to vote nationally than those in engineering and technology, for example.

In North America, the general trend is the reverse, with more American and Canadian academics voting nationally than internationally. There are also significant differences depending on the discipline. Academics in the physical sciences, engineering and technology are the most likely to vote for international universities, which may reflect the strength of STEM in other regions. Meanwhile, business and economics academics are the least likely to vote for an institution outside of their country, which may be due to the high number of reputable business schools in the United States and Canada.

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